Vulnerabilities catalogued under the Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) system can see their risk profiles change dramatically as new exploits are developed, or as additional research brings to light easier paths to exploitation. This fluidity underscores the critical need for continuous monitoring of CVE exploitability changes. Building upon our exploration of predictive vulnerability management and the strategic use of tools like EPSS, this article highlights the pivotal role of ongoing exploitability monitoring in refining and adjusting remediation priorities.

The Fluid Nature of CVE Exploitability

At the heart of the issue is the fact that the exploitability of a given CVE can evolve over time. Initial assessments might underestimate the ease with which a vulnerability can be exploited, or new techniques discovered by attackers can transform a theoretically complex exploit into a practical attack vector. Conversely, the development of new mitigations or the discovery of limiting factors can reduce the perceived risk of a CVE.

The Importance of Continuous Monitoring

Continuous monitoring serves as a beacon, guiding organisations through the murky waters of evolving cyber threats. By staying informed about the latest developments in CVE exploitability, security teams can:

  1. Adjust Remediation Priorities: As the exploitability of vulnerabilities changes, so too should the prioritisation of remediation efforts. A vulnerability deemed low-risk today might become a high-priority target tomorrow if new exploit techniques are discovered.
  2. Optimise Resource Allocation: Understanding the current exploitability landscape enables organisations to allocate their limited security resources more effectively, focusing efforts on vulnerabilities that pose the most immediate threat.
  3. Enhance Defensive Postures: By anticipating changes in the threat environment, organisations can proactively adjust their defensive strategies, implementing additional security controls or deploying patches before attackers can capitalise on new exploits.

Integrating Continuous Monitoring into the Vulnerability Management Process

Incorporating continuous monitoring of CVE exploitability into the vulnerability management lifecycle involves several key steps:

  1. Leveraging Threat Intelligence Platforms: Utilise comprehensive threat intelligence platforms that aggregate and analyse information on CVE exploitability from a variety of sources, including security research publications, dark web forums, and real-world attack data.
  2. Automating Alerts: Set up automated alerting mechanisms to notify security teams of significant changes in the exploitability of tracked CVEs. This ensures that emerging threats are quickly brought to the attention of those who can act on them.
  3. Establishing a Review Process: Implement a regular review process for re-evaluating the exploitability of CVEs within the organisation’s environment. This should include reassessment of the impact and urgency of previously identified vulnerabilities in light of new information.
  4. Adapting Remediation Plans: Based on continuous monitoring and reassessment, adapt and update remediation plans to reflect the current threat landscape. This might involve reprioritising patch deployments, adjusting mitigation strategies, or reallocating resources to address emerging risks.
  5. Fostering a Culture of Agility: Encourage a culture of agility within the security team, emphasizing the importance of flexibility and swift response to new intelligence. This cultural shift is crucial for enabling effective adaptation to the ever-changing threat environment.


The capability to monitor and adapt to changes in CVE exploitability is a critical component of modern cybersecurity defence strategies. In a world where the only constant is change, continuous monitoring provides the insights necessary to stay one step ahead of attackers. By integrating exploitability monitoring into their vulnerability management processes, organisations can ensure that their remediation efforts are always aligned with the latest threat intelligence, thereby safeguarding their assets against the most pressing and current risks. As we continue to navigate through the complexities of cybersecurity, the importance of staying informed and adaptable cannot be overstated, making continuous monitoring not just a best practice, but a necessity for maintaining robust security postures.